IBGE researches the administration of Brazilian Municipalities
From 1999 to 2002, the number of municipal public servants
increased almost 18%, summing up four millions in the whole country: on
the average, they were 2.33 for each 100 inhabitants, or 4.86 in the
municipalities with up to five thousand inhabitants. This is some of the
information researched by the Survey of Basic Municipal Information -
Public Administration, of the IBGE which, in the course of 2002,
distributed questionnaires to the town halls of the 5,560 Brazilian
municipalities, collecting data about the contingent of public servants,
tributary policies, inter municipal articulations, housing activities,
municipal guard and Councils of the Children and Adolescents.
According to the information given by the town halls, the MUNIC
2002 found out, for example, that almost 65% of the municipal public
servants were under the Single Juridical Regime, while 15.8% were
"celetistas" (public servants whose employment is governed by the
private sector labor code) and 19% had another type of entailment. In
the Federal District, between 1999 and 2002, almost one hundred thousand
indirect public servants turned statutory servants.
In 2002, 982 among 5.560 Brazilian municipalities had a Municipal Guard.
Rio de Janeiro and Amazonas were the two Federal Units with the major
number of municipalities which had this security agency.
The MUNIC 2002 verified that as greater is the municipalities
population, more organized is its tributary policies: 60% of the income
of the municipalities with more than 500 thousand inhabitants came from
municipal taxes. Curiously, in 2002, Brazil had 530 municipalities where
there was not any type of instituted tax. In 2002,
Councils for the Rights of Children and Adolescents were found in 82.4%
of the Brazilian municipalities and in 96.1% of those with more than 100
thousand inhabitants. Several municipalities, mainly
the smallest ones, have developed projects of common interest through
partnerships between two or more town halls. In 2002, the more frequent
partnership, found in almost 40% municipalities, occurred in the field
of health. Among those with more than 500 thousand inhabitants, 51.5%
had partnerships in the field of environment, while among those with up
to five thousand inhabitants, the proportion was 8.3%.
The MUNIC investigated, for the first time, private initiatives of
social interest that renounced the counterpart of the town halls, and
verified that, in 2002, these initiatives were more frequent in the
major urban centers and in the South and Southeast Regions.
Finally in the field of housing, specific agencies or families
registration in housing programs were detected by the MUNIC 2002 in more
than 90% of the municipalities with population over 500 thousand
inhabitants, and theconstruction of houses was the housing activity that was more developed by the town halls.Internet: <http://www.ibge.gov.br/english/presidencia/noticias/noticia_impressao.php?id_noticia=345> (with adaptations).Taking into consideration the pieces of information and numbers provided by the text, mark the incorrect alternative.
a) The survey covered at least three points regarding Brazilian municipalities.
b) The two Brazilian states with the most meaningful number of Municipal Guard units in 2002 are located in the North and Southeast regions of Brazil.
c) Among others, the text mentioned partnerships between two or more town halls in the fields of health and environment.
d) In 2002, less than 10% of Brazilian municipalities have not any type of instituted tax.
e) In 2002, housing programs were well perceived in municipalities with population greater than million people.