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IBGE researches the administration of Brazilian Municipaliti 18132

IBGE researches the administration of Brazilian Municipalities   

        From 1999 to 2002, the number of municipal public servants

increased almost 18%, summing up four millions in the whole country: on

the average, they were 2.33 for each 100 inhabitants, or 4.86 in the

municipalities with up to five thousand inhabitants. This is some of the

information researched by the Survey of Basic Municipal Information -

Public Administration, of the IBGE which, in the course of 2002,

distributed questionnaires to the town halls of the 5,560 Brazilian

municipalities, collecting data about the contingent of public servants,

tributary policies, inter municipal articulations, housing activities,

municipal guard and Councils of the Children and Adolescents.   

        According to the information given by the town halls, the MUNIC

2002 found out, for example, that almost 65% of the municipal public

servants were under the Single Juridical Regime, while 15.8% were

"celetistas" (public servants whose employment is governed by the

private sector labor code) and 19% had another type of entailment. In

the Federal District, between 1999 and 2002, almost one hundred thousand

indirect public servants turned statutory servants.           

In 2002, 982 among 5.560 Brazilian municipalities had a Municipal Guard.

Rio de Janeiro and Amazonas were the two Federal Units with the major

number of municipalities which had this security agency.       

    The MUNIC 2002 verified that as greater is the municipalities

population, more organized is its tributary policies: 60% of the income

of the municipalities with more than 500 thousand inhabitants came from

municipal taxes. Curiously, in 2002, Brazil had 530 municipalities where

there was not any type of instituted tax.            In 2002,

Councils for the Rights of Children and Adolescents were found in 82.4%

of the Brazilian municipalities and in 96.1% of those with more than 100

thousand inhabitants.            Several municipalities, mainly

the smallest ones, have developed projects of common interest through

partnerships between two or more town halls. In 2002, the more frequent

partnership, found in almost 40% municipalities, occurred in the field

of health. Among those with more than 500 thousand inhabitants, 51.5%

had partnerships in the field of environment, while among those with up

to five thousand inhabitants, the proportion was 8.3%.       

    The MUNIC investigated, for the first time, private initiatives of

social interest that renounced the counterpart of the town halls, and

verified that, in 2002, these initiatives were more frequent in the

major urban centers and in the South and Southeast Regions.   

        Finally in the field of housing, specific agencies or families

registration in housing programs were detected by the MUNIC 2002 in more

than 90% of the municipalities with population over 500 thousand

inhabitants, and theconstruction of houses was the housing activity that was more developed by the town halls.Internet: <> (with adaptations).According to the text and your background knowledge, which alternative is not a possible definition to "tax"?

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